Japan’s greenhouse gas emissions for fiscal year 2020 are lowest on record

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Data from Japan

Environment Economy

While carbon emissions declined in Japan in fiscal 2020, there is still a long way to go to meet the government’s targets.

According to preliminary figures released by the Ministry of the Environment, Japan’s total greenhouse gas emissions in fiscal year 2020 decreased by 5.1% or 62 million tonnes (carbon dioxide equivalent), compared to 1.15 billion tonnes in the previous year, marking a record decrease. for the second consecutive year. This is believed to be due to declining energy consumption, especially among businesses, resulting from the economic downturn amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Greenhouse gas emissions have declined in Japan for seven consecutive years. The study conducted by the ministry lists the main greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and CFC substitutes, with carbon dioxide accounting for 90.8% of all emissions.

The government has pledged to reduce Japan’s greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050 and has set an immediate target of reducing emissions by 46% (compared to fiscal year 2013) d by FY2030. Emissions for FY2020 were only 18.4% lower than the record -1.41 billion tonnes in FY2013, well below target.

The breakdown by sector of carbon emissions linked to the production of electricity and heat according to users, shows a drop of 8.3% to 353 million tonnes for industry, which remains the main consumer like the previous year. ; followed by a drop of 10.2% to 185 million tonnes for transport, and a drop of 4.1% to 184 million tonnes in the commercial sector. Meanwhile, the household sector, the fourth largest, saw an increase of 4.9% to 167 million tonnes. This appears to be the result of an increase in remote working due to the pandemic.

Carbon emissions by sector (based on electricity and heat use)

Created by Nippon.com based on data from the Ministry of the Environment. Preliminary figures used for fiscal year 2020.

(Translated from Japanese. Banner photo © Pixta.)

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