Japanese companies INPEX Corporation, IHI Corporation and Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL) demonstrated a clean ammonia supply chain linking the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Japan.
The clean ammonia used for the demonstration was provided by Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC). It was produced by Fertiglobe, a joint venture between ADNOC and OCI.NV which is a key supplier of ammonia, using natural gas produced in Abu Dhabi.
Most of the CO2 emitted from ammonia production was sequestered and injected into Abu Dhabi’s onshore oil fields in which INPEX has a stake, making it clean ammonia.
INPEX supervised the entire demonstration process in close partnership with ADNOC. MOL transported the clean ammonia to Japan in an ISO tank container with the support of Nippon Concept Corporation, in which the company owns shares.
IHI used clean ammonia to conduct a combustion experiment using an ammonia combustion turbine under development.
Ammonia is advantageous when used as an energy carrier and does not emit CO2 when burned. It should therefore be used as fuel for power generation and shipping in line with global moves towards a decarbonized society.
INPEX seeks to commercialize three or more ammonia projects by around 2030 while aiming to produce and supply 100,000 tonnes or more of hydrogen/ammonia per year. The company plans to continue working on building a hydrogen and ammonia supply chain linking Japan and Abu Dhabi, one of INPEX’s main business areas, in cooperation with the Japanese government and its customers as well as ADNOC.
IHI actively promotes the creation of the ammonia value chain, including the development of ammonia utilization technology to achieve carbon neutrality. According to the company, this demonstration is important because it is necessary to bring together the parties related to production, transport, storage and use in joint efforts to create the ammonia value chain. IHI said it will continue to develop technologies that harness ammonia as an energy source that helps materialize a cleaner world and contributes to achieving a carbon neutral society by 2050 by providing carbon neutral solutions, not only by the technology of using ammonia to reduce CO2 but also carbon recycling. technology for efficient use of CO2.
In June 2021, MOL Group announced the goal of achieving net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050 in “MOL Group Environmental Vision 2.1”, which outlined the group’s approach to environmental issues. global. MOL Group aims to contribute to the safe transportation of ammonia, which is expected to be in high demand as a next-generation clean energy source, and to contribute to the realization of a decarbonized society through proactive participation in a wide range of value chains.
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