Reflects India’s central position in the group which takes the form of a permanent structure

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Two dimensions were palpable at the Quad meeting in Tokyo: first, India’s growing influence and centrality in the group and second, the Quad is emerging as a permanent structure in the Indo-Pacific. India’s growing influence has led to the moderation of the joint statement on the Ukraine-Russia conflict and the dilution of the Indo-Pacific economic framework and new initiatives have been taken by the group that put it on solid footing.

A number of decisions/statements suggest that Quad members consider India to be essential to achieving the Quad’s objectives, so they addressed India’s concerns. First, although the United States did not punch Russia and Joe Biden in his statement called the Russian invasion “brutal and unwarranted”, it found no place in the statement. spouse. It only mentioned that “members discussed the respective responses to the conflict in Ukraine and the ongoing tragic humanitarian crisis, and assessed its implications for the Indo-Pacific”.

Second, the main content of the joint statement focused on Indo-Pacific issues. He said “the Quad is a force for good, committed to bringing tangible benefits to the region”. This echoed Prime Minister Modi’s words: “The purpose of the Quad is to do global good.” Indian leaders have championed this view in various international and bilateral forums.

Third, emphasis has been placed on the unacceptability of unilateral attempts to change the status quo – a term used for Chinese efforts in the LAC and South China Sea (SCS). Without naming China, the statement said members “strongly oppose any coercive, provocative or unilateral action aimed at altering the status quo and increasing tensions in the region, such as the militarization of contested elements, the use dangerous coastguard vessels and militia vessels and efforts to disrupt offshore resource exploitation activities of other countries.India has opposed Chinese incursions into other countries’ EEZs and safeguarding of its interests in the SCS is included in Indian naval doctrine.In addition, India’s oil exploration activities have been challenged by China in the past.

Fourth, terrorism was condemned in all its forms – an Indian objective. He specifically condemned the Pakistan-sponsored 26/11 and Pathankot attacks. He also noted concerns over the growth of terrorism in Afghanistan and underscored the importance of UNSC resolution 2593 (2021). The joint statement also highlighted the need for compliance with international standards on anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism by all countries, in line with FATF recommendations. This recommendation would add to the problems of Pakistan, which is under the observation of this international body.

Fifthly, the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) has been amended to reflect India’s views. Instead of launching directly, it now focuses on consultations modeled after India’s Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) on its four pillars. This change resulted in the acceptance of IPEF by 13 countries, including India. India’s External Affairs Minister, Jaishankar, rightly underscored its importance in an article in the Hindustan Times: “The launch of the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework is expected to advance common interests in trade, supply chains, infrastructure and finance.

While Prime Minister Modi’s emphasis on neutrality on the Russia issue was expected, the change in the US approach is remarkable. From India’s “fragile” position and the fact that “there would be consequences” of not condemning Russia, Biden now wants “US-India relations to be the closest on earth.” India’s Foreign Minister Vinay Mohan Kwatra remarked that there was good appreciation of India’s position on the issue. Biden also praised Prime Minister Modi’s handling of Covid and likened it to China’s failure. He also pointed out that the Vaccine Maitri program has helped several countries in their fight against the pandemic. Newly elected Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese also hailed India’s contribution saying that “Vaccines provided by India to other countries have made a difference on the ground”. Similarly, the Japanese Prime Minister also praised India’s role. The declarations and decisions of the Quad Summit indicate that all members accept India’s key role in realizing the goal of a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific.

The Tokyo summit also indicates that the Quad has taken the form of a permanent structure in the period of rapidly changing strategic equations between international players. And above all, in the words of Jaishankar, “if India overcame the hesitations of history, it also meant not giving other countries a veto over our choices”. That this collaboration does not affect India’s national interests is quite comforting and also indicates India’s growing stature.

An underlying objective that remains important is to curb Chinese expansion. An important step taken in this context is to promote debt sustainability and transparency, including through the Quad Debt Management Resource Portal. A commitment to expand more than $50 billion in infrastructure assistance and investment over the next five years has been made. The Quad fund will be dedicated to creating demand-side infrastructure in the region. Obviously, this step is aimed at countering the Chinese debt trap system under its BIS.

However, Quad’s agenda has now expanded to cover more aspects necessary for the economic development of the region. Besides the infrastructure mentioned above to prevent countries from becoming a victim of BRI, four additional steps deserve attention. First, provisions have been made to mitigate the problems resulting from natural disasters. According to the US White House statement, Quad would also work with the New Delhi-based Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI). The Indo-Pacific Partnership for Maritime Domain Awareness (IPMDA), a new initiative designed to work with regional partners to respond to humanitarian and natural disasters and combat illegal fishing. It will cooperate with Indo-Pacific nations and regional information fusion centers in the Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands.

The second step is the creation of the Quad Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Package (Q-CHAMP). This includes ongoing activities under the Quad Climate Working Group on Green Shipping and Ports, Clean Hydrogen and Clean Energy Supply Chains.

The third step is the strengthening of countries’ capacities in the field of cybersecurity within the framework of the Quad Cybersecurity Partnership program. An understanding of 5G vendor diversification and Open-RAN will help secure telecommunications in the region.

Fourth, a STEM scholarship establishes the educational link between member countries.

The data satellite portal connects all members in space, which was introduced earlier. The overall picture that emerges is that the Quad has taken the form of a permanent structure to ensure peace and stability in the region, which faces increasing Chinese aggression after the latter threw off the mask of his peaceful rise. And India is not only a part of this mechanism, but it plays a leading role in it. Essentially, the Quad aims to change the environment that allows coercion of small countries and hinders economic development by paving the way for a rules-based order for security and trade development for the benefit of all in the region. It must be added that it needs greater support from the countries of the region to realize the full potential of the combined force of all. Yes, the current environment puts India’s diplomatic skills to the test: it must maintain good relations with the US, EU and Russia and manage China to prevent it from engaging in acts of aggression against the ALC and contain its undesirable acts in the SCS and India. Ocean.



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The opinions expressed above are those of the author.



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